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Guide To Hiring Employees In Connecticut

Guide To Hiring Employees In Connecticut

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Guide To Hiring Employees In Connecticut

Employer Information

Minimum Wage: The minimum wage in Connecticut is $15.69 per hour in 2024.


At-will-employment: Unless an employer provides an employment contract stating otherwise, an employee in Connecticut can be fired without cause.

Simplify the Hiring Process

Staying on top of the required paperwork for new employees is complicated. Gusto makes it easy.

The success and growth of most small businesses depend on having the right people working for you. Figuring out the rules and paperwork when hiring new employees is complex, as there are legal considerations to keep in mind.

In this guide, we will walk you through the 8 steps a business will take when hiring their first employee in Connecticut.

Related: Guide to starting a business in Connecticut

Steps To Hiring Your First Employee In Connecticut

Step 1: Register as an Employer

Connecticut employers will need to first get a Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) – Form SS-4 from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in addition to the Withholding Tax Number and Business Tax Registration from the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services and Unemployment Account Number from the Connecticut Department of Labor.

Step 2: Employee Eligibility Verification

Each new employee will need to fill out the I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification Form from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. The I-9 Form is used to confirm citizenship and eligibility to work in the U.S.

The employee must complete Section 1 by their first day of work, and the employer will complete Section 2 by the end of the third business day after the employee starts.

Employers don’t submit the I-9 form but are required to keep the form on file for three years after the date of hire or one year after the employee’s termination, whichever is later.

Step 3: Employee Withholding Allowance Certificate

Each employee will provide their employer with a signed Withholding Allowance Certificate (Form W-4) on or before the date of employment. The W-4 form determines how much federal income tax will be withheld from the employee’s paycheck.

The employer does not typically submit Form W-4 to the IRS but will keep a copy on file.

See IRS’s Publication 15 – Employer Tax Guide for more information on federal withholding.

Step 4: Submit the New Hire Reporting Form

Employers are required to report newly hired employees (and re-hired employees) to the Connecticut Department of Labor within 20 days of their hire date.

Employee Information that will be needed includes the employee’s name, home address, Social Security Number, date of birth, and the employee’s start date or the first day the employee begins work.

Employer Information includes Federal Employer Identification Number, employer’s business name, address, and contact phone number.

The completed Connecticut new hire report can be submitted online through the Connecticut Department of Labor;

by mail:

Connecticut Department of Labor
Office of Research, ATTN: CT-W4
200 Folly Brook Boulevard
Wethersfield, CT 06109

or fax: 800-816-1108

The new hire information is required through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA). This information is recorded in the State Directory of New Hires and the National Directory of New Hires (NDNH) to locate parents and non-custodial parents who owe child support.

Step 5: Set Up Payroll Taxes

After hiring employees, payroll taxes will need to be paid. Payroll taxes include:

Federal Income Tax Withholding

Connecticut employers withhold money from each employee’s paycheck to pay the employee’s federal income taxes based on the information provided in their W-4. The employer pays no part of the withholding tax but is responsible for collecting and remitting the withheld taxes.

Federal income tax withholding reports are filed using Form W-2, Wage, and Tax Statement with the IRS. Additionally, IRS Form 941 is due quarterly, and IRS Form 940 is filed annually to report any unemployment taxes due.

State Income Tax Withholding

Similar to federal income tax withholding, taxes are withheld from an employee’s paycheck for state income taxes. Use Form CT-W4 Employee Withholding Exemption Certificate.

Social Security & Medicare

Social Security and Medicare taxes are paid under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA). The employer pays half of FICA, and the other half is paid from the employee’s wages.

Unemployment Insurance

Employers pay state and federal unemployment taxes based on a percentage of each employee’s salary. This tax is known as State Unemployment Taxes (SUTA) and Federal Unemployment Taxes (FUTA).

Taking care of hiring paperwork and paying payroll is complicated and it's easy to make mistakes. Payroll services like Gusto simplify the process and ensure the federal and state reporting is up-to-date.

Step 6: Obtain Workers’ Compensation Insurance

All businesses with employees (even a single part-time employee) are required to carry workers’ compensation insurance coverage to cover medical costs if employees are injured on the job. Worker’s Compensation Insurance is administered through the Connecticut Workers’ Compensation Commission.

Step 7: Labor Law Posters and Required Notices

Connecticut businesses must display Federal and State of Connecticut labor law posters where they can be easily viewed by employees. These posters inform employees of their rights and employer responsibilities under labor laws, such as federal minimum wage, anti-discrimination laws, and workers’ compensation rights.

Connecticut labor law posters can be individually printed from the Connecticut Department of Labor’s website.

Step 8: Stay Up To Date

It is important to understand the differences between employees and independent contractors. Employers will sometimes improperly classify employees as independent contractors who have different rules on payroll taxes, minimum wage, overtime, and other labor laws. An individual’s status as an employee or an independent contractor may be determined by filing IRS Form SS-8, Determination of Employee Work Status for Purposes of Federal Employment Taxes, and Income Tax Withholding.

The process of hiring your first employee in Connecticut can feel overwhelming and there is a lot to keep up with, but with a clear understanding of what’s required, you’re setting your business up for success. Labor laws are complex and ever-changing, so be sure to keep up-to-date with the Connecticut Department of Labor and the U.S. Department of Labor, and remember to seek professional advice if needed.

Guide To Hiring Employees In Connecticut

Guide To Hiring Employees In Connecticut

2 Responses

  1. Hey! I just wanted to thank you for putting together this list of the beginning steps to hiring an employee in Connecticut. I had been searching having a lot of difficulty find a clear and concise list so I know where to get started. This is exactly what you have given me. Thank you and keep up the good work, it’s really helpful!

    Mac Heating and Cooling LLC

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